Urban furniture is an important part of the urban environment that is in combination and direct or indirect interaction with other city facilities with different applications. Therefore, creating visual harmony between urban furniture and other urban elements in order to intensify and complete the beauty of the space is inevitable. The concept of creating and creating attractiveness is not limited to observing the apparent harmony between our urban furniture equipment, but also these products must be accompanied by features that produce visual pleasure and observance of local and cultural standards. In addition to meeting the practical and aesthetic needs of urban environments, paying attention to safety issues requires considering criteria for designing urban furniture, including:
Material and fittings
The shape of an object is the first thing a person perceives of that product. Shapes should be commensurate with the function of the objects and have the necessary coordination and readability in relation to the environment. Recognize the object and its function from a distance. The design of urban furniture form should be such that while coordinating with the needs of citizens and adapting to the shape of the human body and the type of application they will have, it is visually beautiful and helps to promote the beauty of the city and most importantly the form of urban furniture elements should not Cause vision in people in the city. It should also be noted that do not use very complex forms that confuse the urban landscape, or very simple that makes it simple; Rather, it should try to create uniformity and integrity in the city while being diverse in shape and form. By designing and installing integrated urban furniture with several different functions, while creating integration in the city components, it is possible to reduce the consumption of raw materials and reduce construction costs and reduce dimensions. By integrating urban furniture, the reproduction of many additional details in the passages and streets will be reduced. It should also be noted that designing soft forms without sharp corners can minimize vulnerability.
From the point of view of visual beauty and architecture of the environment, the arrangement of urban furniture should be such that it does the following:
Expand walking spaces
Considering special spaces for pedestrians in appropriate places according to the analysis of user behavior patterns
Placing urban furniture equipment in predetermined places that have the least contact with pedestrians
Consider a suitable place to sit so that it does not interfere with the activities of pedestrians and passers-by and does not interfere with the passage of other pedestrians.
Spatial forecast for people waiting in the direction of vehicles
Avoid high or low density, in location
Locating all kinds of urban furniture in places with easy and fast access
Observing appropriate distances in installing various types of urban furniture, taking into account the environmental conditions and the amount of use
In a multifunctional system, the product is designed from the beginning for the purpose that the face and body are likely to change, but in integrated urban furniture, such a goal is not necessarily pursued. Rather, the desired components and elements are integrated with the fixed element if they are compatible and maintain the apparent coherence.
Material and fittings
Texture: Good and suitable texture, while creating effect and beauty, is also practical. The fabric will strengthen the outer surfaces of the product and will be used to create friction and prevent slipping where necessary.
Coating: The coating of a product is very important in maintaining the durability and protection of that product and the type of coating depends on the type of external surfaces and the application of the product.
Consumables: The use of appropriate raw materials can be examined from three perspectives: performance, aesthetics and economic efficiency.
In general, the common materials used in urban furniture based on various considerations are as follows:
Concrete and cement
Joints: In all types of construction, joints are always the most sensitive and vulnerable points. Joints should work well with other parts, especially the parts connected at that point. It is very important to avoid creating detachable urban furniture against all kinds of pressures.
Light and color
The colorless world is meaningless and life in it is dull. In the city, color can be seen everywhere; Sometimes colors have symbolic meanings and even in our mental imaginations, each building is associated with certain colors.
The symbolic ability of colors turns meaningless spaces into meaningful spaces and makes cities and even urban neighborhoods readable and creates a pleasant and desirable feeling of the city in citizens. This makes the citizens feel belonging to the city, strengthens the urban identity, strengthens the sense of citizenship in the citizens.