One of the important, necessary and needed accessories of the citizens is a park bench for rest. The park bench has been common since the 19th century and is in the category of green space equipment. From that date on, the park bench is one of the necessary and essential elements of urban furniture.
Park chairs are made in different models and dimensions, but their specifications and body features can be different. In order to design a park bench and all urban furniture equipment, points and properties related to human characteristics should be considered. For example, long benches (more than the standard) are used by the homeless to sleep, so while maintaining the proper size, you can place handles on both sides of the park bench to a large extent. It prevented this from happening. The standard longitudinal sizes for a park bench are one meter, one and a half meters, two, two and a half and three meters. In addition, in the production of park chairs, attention should be paid to their maintenance, care and ease of cleanliness. Suitable raw materials such as iron metal, wood, wood chips and cast iron must have the necessary resistance against degradation and erosion. Also, during the design and production of the park bench, an inconspicuous slope can be created for water flow and all kinds of precipitation to prevent rust, rot and frost in winter by draining the water.
Location of the park bench
You should always be very careful in the place and place of sitting to ensure the comfort of people, while also avoiding disturbing others. For this reason, places are usually chosen that have the following general characteristics:
Protect yourself as much as possible from atmospheric factors.
Be able to enjoy the surrounding landscape.
At the very least, have a two-way view.
Provide citizens with a variety of options to choose from; Such as: sun, shade, tranquility, activity and ..
To be available to use other surrounding furniture furniture equipment.
In public places, benches should be close to garbage cans and drinking troughs.
Park benches are elements that are commonly used to decorate parks or recreation areas, paying attention to how they are placed in the complex, their symmetry and proportion, and things like that, are among the things that are most important to designers. Their efficiency is important for the use of passers-by. For this reason, park benches should be used at appropriate distances or at the desired height.
Also seating modes are:
Back to back without any contact
Face to face to create conversation and talk
Sitting in the spotlight and activities such as playgrounds and recreation areas
Sitting for special purposes such as bus station shelter and ..
Material and fittings
Different raw materials for the park bench create a beautiful position to sit. As we know wood is a warm material, metal and stone are also practical and comfortable. The wood must be flat, hard and durable and cut into pieces. Hardwoods and wood veneers are durable. Punched sheet metal, wire mesh or wire mesh and cast iron are the materials used in the manufacture and construction of park benches.
The design of the park bench uses body standards, and apart from the bases, which are necessary for some park benches to be placed on the ground or to sink into the foundation, the park chair will basically have three characteristics:
Floor to sit
Back to lean
Place the gloves
In some benches, the back and armrests are removed and are usually made in multiples, doubles and singles, or in rectangular, rotating, etc. Metal benches or park benches with metal components must be properly resistant to degradation and erosion. These include the use of standard thickness sheets, cans and types of metal, the use of new painting methods, especially electrostatic methods, metal washing and the use of stainless steel before the painting process. Regarding the joints of the bench components, it is necessary to pay attention to the type of materials used, CO2 welding, galvanized bolts and nuts, special nails and adhesives, and the method of tongue and tongue, etc.