Introduction and total definitions: city is a great artistic work which has creators in number of its crowd. Final purpose of a city is to create an educational environment for people who live there.
Such environment allows people to choose and provide field of creativity. Areas of a city communicate with people more and only has one tool for providing these things: suitable urban facilities.
Within spaces of buildings, complementary elements is need to regulate urban life, equipments such as furniture of a house allows to live in a space within stone, concrete and glass. These elements regulate flow of moving, immovability, pleasure and stress in city. Urban furniture is common term of these facilities.
These facilities are known in England as “street furniture” in America as “public furniture” or “open area furniture”. Furniture means equipments for life and equipments mean arrange and mobilization and use for military tools. Moubleman is a French word and it means decoration of a place. The most common above combination is urban furniture that can have implicit meaning.
Rang of its meaning is very wide. Urban furniture is set of tools, things devices, signs, spaces and elements that are stated because they install in street, city and open areas. Nowadays, main problem of great Tehran is discussed in two dimensions of urban travel (by foot and ride) and behavior problems in view of city.
Therefore, in charges, managers, designers and Iranian artists are responsible for planning, bookkeeping and reforming urban areas and equipments. Structure of this plan is divided in two parts:
۱- environmental design and face of city: landscaping, flooring, pavement, wall painting, repair, lighting, cleaning, rebuilding historical and cultural buildings and tranquilizing.
۲- Urban furniture and equipments: including all urban things which are placed in city and are more than one hundred title from guard and bar and light to bus stations, WC, signposts, advertising billboards, bins, and pedestrian bridges.
Elements of urban furniture are in four groups:
a- street furniture,
b- park furniture,
c- traffic furniture,
d- information and advertising structures.
Now, experience has shown that using suitable furniture can have a positive effect on citizens and consumers in city. For example, design of suitable seat allows people to enjoy sitting and watching city and even communicate with other people.
Urban researches show that public and consumers demand for multipurpose urban furniture and more beautiful such a symbol and answer to people’s aesthetical expectation proportional to design of automobiles and modern products. This is why that many competitions in the field of designing urban furniture are competed all over the world.
Importance of considering to identity and culture has created extremist trend toward uniform city so that little difference is seen in urban furniture of different countries. Whereas, the most attractive and remembered areas are ones that place in memories and this is why that new researches consider to these specifications in rebuilding cities: in view point of designers, suitable selection and design allows them to keep identity of place and its appearance.
This viewpoint is very effective on rebuilding historical areas. If interposition in city isn’t limited to superficial decorations, a balance should be created between social tissue and urban space. When social tissue has a fixed place and meaning of urbanism has a deep root for citizens, complementary structures can be considered. Based on this fixed and rooted social tissue, streets can be equipped so that it has cultural reaction in a short time and dynamic method.
In fact, providing welfare efficiency means to prize life and values of civilization. One of important reasons of being Tehran unidentified is not to consider to difference between various spaces of city, to deem same designs sufficient and consider to meaningful capacities without considering values of urban aesthetics and deem primary industrial and production facilities sufficient. Values of operation and urban aesthetics will be created by separate and specific encounter with small and great places.
Total consideration of urban places means to negate sporadic values. Perhaps the most fundamental action is the following ones: to provide patterns, flexible regulations for development, – intelligent providence. We should be provident and it needs to three efforts: research/ policy/ planning.
Writer: Reza Lahiji, master expert in the field of industrial designing from Tehran University, lecturer of university.